Greg's Bite: Desktop 3D printing
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Greg's Bite: Desktop 3D printing


By Greg Mills

As I have previously speculated in this column, I consider the desktop 3D plastic part printing revolution fertile ground for being one of Apple's next big things. I think Apple is uniquely situated to do for 3D printing what they did for desktop printing on paper 20 years ago.

3D printing is using a computer to create physical objects from software files utilizing a special 3D "printer." Star Trek's "replicators" were sophisticated voice-controlled, computer operated 3D printing devices, able to reproduce just about anything.  Replicator devices were as common aboard the starship Enterprise as microwave ovens are to us. Imagine the forerunner of such a futuristic device sitting on your desk and hooked up to your Mac or iPad.

References to cool new things in the R&D labs at Apple seldom give us enough information to do anything more than make our imaginations soar.  In the absence of actual tips on what is going on behind the doors at Apple, one can only speculate based upon historical information and synergy with what is known. This is speculation, based upon Apple doing what is cool, developing markets where they have synergy and making money with a combination of hardware, operating software, consumables and an on-line store for selling and buying part files. 

As an inventor, I have built numerous prototypes of my proposed products. I have had a number of original plastic parts made over the years. These parts were created with what is called "rapid prototyping" technology.  

This is a prototyping process that is very common in engineering and R&D labs where a 3D rendering is created on a computer and the output file is called "STL format." Software such as "SolidWorks" creates object files that are used with stereolithography or 3D printers.  

Stereolithography is one system of the two types of systems for creating 3D parts. 3D printing is another. In a nutshell, in stereolithography there is a tank, sort of like an aquarium, full of transparent liquid resin. Two laser beams from two directions converge at a point inside the tank. The two laser beams, at the point where they converge, create heat. Heat makes the liquid resin harden. If a computer continuously aims the beams and moves them around very precisely a physical plastic object can be thus constructed, one layer at a time.

3D printing amounts to something similar to an inkjet printer, but the ink is a plastic filament fed off a spool, and the print head heats the plastic to melt it to adhere what is already laid down in previous layers. Colored plastic can be used to create colored parts. Perhaps a multicolor head could allow an advanced 3D printer to create colorful parts without stopping to change the color the printer is putting out.  

Typical of technology Apple feels is right for commercial development, 3D printers have begun to move from being an engineering device that costs $50,000 and up, to hobby devices that are selling on eBay for $500.  

The problems in the developing 3D printer market are that:

1. 3D part creation software isn't even close to Apple simple. I have checked out software that can be used to design and print plastic 3D parts and it is both relatively expensive with a considerable learning curve. While the Mac can run the 3D software, it really takes either a class or a lot of learning to get part design down pat. Apple is the master of making hard software easy and intuitive. Apple software that will make 3D part designing easy and drive 3D printers would be a very Apple-like thing to do.
  
2.The current crop of 3D printing devices aren't designed to the point you just take them out of the carton, plug them into an electrical outlet, hook up a USB or Thunderbolt cord to your computer and load software to get it working. This is something Apple could do well. Apple 3D printers might come in two or three sizes and use proprietary cartridges of the plastic material. 

3 The supply chain for 3D printers and the consumable plastic material isn't well developed yet. Apple would sell the printer, the software that drives the printer and the spools of plastic on-line and at Apple stores around the world.  

4. While one could create their own original parts using the software, stock files for common parts could be bought and sold on-line. Ready-to-use 3D files for parts really need an on-line "store" to create a vast library of files that would drive sales of both the printers and the consumable plastic fiber. You want to print a chess set?  Go on line and choose the style of the chess set you like, select the size pieces you want, download the file and fire up your 3D printer. 3D part files could be free or sold as downloads with Apple and the software author sharing the money, just like books or apps.  

5. Cool multicolor printers need to be developed for the market to really take off.  A low enough price point for 3D printers would drive hobby use of the devices as well as commercial engineering use.

Once you have printed your original part, silicone molds and two part plastic kits would allow you to pour your own molds and then pour your own plastic parts cheaply.  

That is Greg's Bite. 

 
AAPL
$126.49
Apple Inc.
+1.07
GOOG
$522.05
Google Inc.
+1.54
MSFT
$44.65
Microsoft Corporation
+0.50
MacNews Search:
Community Search:
view counter

view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter

Vector 2 is Officially a Thing and it...
Vector is a pretty cool parkour-driven runner that's gotten a pretty decent following since it first came out - although personally I think more people could stand to show it some love. Anyway, Nekki has announced that a sequel isofficially on its way and will be coming to the App Store later this year. [Read more] | Read more »
This Week at 148Apps:June 22-26, 2015
June's Summer Journey Continues With 148Apps How do you know what apps are worth your time and money? Just look to the review team at 148Apps. We sort through the chaos and find the apps you're looking for. The ones we love become Editor’s Choice, standing out above the many good apps and games with something just a little bit more to offer. Take... | Read more »
LEGO® Minifigures Online (Games)
LEGO® Minifigures Online 1.0.1 Device: iOS iPhone Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0.1 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
World of Tanks Blitz celebrates its firs...
Today marks the first anniversary of the launch of World of Tanks Blitz, the mobile version of the PC tank battler, World of Tanks. World of Tanks Blitz launched on iOS and Android on June 26th last year and to celebrate, Wargaming is giving all players a special tank as a gift. [Read more] | Read more »
Heroes and Castles 2 Has its Own Standal...
Heroes and Castles 2 is a third-person castle defense game from the same team behind Block Fortress and Bug Heroes. It's cool, it's fun, and now it has its very own free version. [Read more] | Read more »
Formula Cartoon All-Stars Lets You Race...
Ever want to pit your favorite characters from shows like Steven Universe, Adventure Time, and Regular Show against each other in a not quite death race? Well once upon a time you could, but Formula All Stars Touch N' Go doesn't exist anymore. Hope is not lost, however. Now you can do the same thing, arguably better, with Formula Cartoon All-Stars... | Read more »
Retype - Typography Photo Editor (Photo...
Retype - Typography Photo Editor 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Photography Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Retype is built out of passion for great typography and it's all about adding text to photo with style. | Read more »
Hungry Shark Evolution Celebrates Shark...
Shark Week is almost here, as is Independence Day, so naturally Hungry Shark Evolution is going to get in on the action. Yes, even the fireworks. [Read more] | Read more »
The New Trivia Crack Will Feature a Musi...
It's official: iHeartMedia (you may know them from iHeartRadio) will be in charge of providing music-related questions for Trivia Crack's upcoming sequel. Also Trivia Crack is getting a sequel. [Read more] | Read more »
Toca Life: City (Education)
Toca Life: City 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Education Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Welcome to Toca Life: City, a metropolis filled with everyday fun! Customize characters, explore exciting locations and find hidden treasures - there’s something in every corner!INTRODUCING TOCA LIFE | Read more »
All contents are Copyright 1984-2010 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.