Apple wants to protect your audio, video data
TweetFollow Us on Twitter

Apple wants to protect your audio, video data



An Apple patent (number 20120281828) for the protection of audio or video in a playback device has appeared at the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office. It involves a method and apparatus to prevent hacking of encrypted audio or video content during playback.

Hackers, using a debugging attachment or other tools, can illicitly access encrypted data in memory in a playback device when the data is decrypted during playback and momentarily stored in digital form. This hacking is defeated here by methodically "poisoning" the encrypted data so that it is no longer playable by a standard decoder.

The poisoning involves deliberate alteration of certain bit values. On playback, the player invokes a special secure routine that provides correction of the poisoned bit values, for successful playback.

Here's Apple's background on the invention: "The protection of digital content transferred between computers over a network and transferred from a computer to an associated playback device is important for many organizations. The DRM process often involves encrypting the pieces of content (e.g., encr the binary form of the content) to restrict usage to those who have been granted a right to the content, which is typically pieces of music or video programs.

"Cryptography is the traditional protection method, but for many digital file transfer situations, a party that legitimately receives the content might try to break the DRM protection scheme, so as to give illicit access to third parties. An identified weak leak in the DRM security is in the overall process, rather than the encryption scheme. For instance, one of the more successful DRM systems distributes music and video content via the Internet.

"The DRM system distributes to a user's computer content that has been encrypted. The user's computer then decrypts the received content, generates local keys for encrypting the content, and uses these local keys to re-encrypt the content. Typically the content in encrypted form may also be downloaded, via a local connection, to an associated playback-only device such as an audio or video media player, which similarly decrypts and re-encrypts the content before playing same.

"The present inventors have identified a potential security issue with this approach. As indicated above, during the playback process (which can also occur in the user's computer) the decrypted data is resident for a time in memory in the host computer and/or other playback device. One such memory location is a buffer memory which temporarily stores one or more packets or frames of the decrypted content bitstream. For audio content, the usual encoded format of the data is referred to as AAC (Advanced Audio Coding ISO 13818-7) which is a compression standard with associated codecs (coder-decoder) commercially available in hardware and software. For video, the usual encoded format is H.264, a similar standard with compression, also with commercially available codecs.

"During the playback process, portions of the decrypted content (packets for audio, frames for video), are temporarily stored in a buffer prior to being supplied to the AAC or H.264 or other decoder. Hackers (illicit copiers) may be able to access the decrypted data in this buffer using a standard software tool known as a debugger attachment. The hacker can then copy the accessed data out of the buffer, store it, and as the content is played thereby have a decrypted copy of the entire content, without having to break the actual encryption."

The inventors are Julien Lerouge, Gianpaolo Fasoli and Augustin J. Farrugia.

 
Community Search:
MacNews Search:
See All
view counter

view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter
view counter

How to get started with Prisma
If there's one thing people like to do more than taking pictures with their smartphones, it's tinkering with those photos in some way. Numerous apps have sprung up over the last several years that allow you to use filters and special effects to transform your pictures, and it doesn't seem like the appetite for those tricks has been satisfied for... | Read more »
6 Pokemon GO updates you can expect, acc...
Pokemon GO had a scheduled appearance at this year's San Diego Comic-Con for a while, but it was only relatively close to the show that it was upgraded to a spot in Hall H. That's the biggest venue at SDCC, one usually reserved for the largest movie and television panels. [Read more] | Read more »
How to evolve Eevee in Pokemon GO
By now, almost everyone should be hip to how to evolve Pokemon in Pokemon GO (and if not, there's a guide for that). Just gather enough candy of the appropriate type, feed them all to the Pokemon, and evolution happens. It's a miracle that would astound Darwin. [Read more] | Read more »
CSR Racing 2: Guide to all game modes
It might not seem like there are all that many ways to go fast in a straight line, but CSR Racing 2 begs to differ. [Read more] | Read more »
Bulb Boy (Games)
Bulb Boy 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $2.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Multi-award winning 2D point & click horror adventure about a boy with a glowing head. | Read more »
5 top free emoji keyboard apps
If we're not at peak emoji yet as a society, it feels like we definitely should be. The emoji concept has gone far beyond what anyone in Japan could have envisioned when the people there unleashed it on an unsuspecting world, but the West has taken it and just kept running over the past few years. [Read more] | Read more »
How to unlock more characters in Disney...
One of the big charms of Disney Emoji Blitz is seeing a wide variety of beloved Disney and Pixar characters transformed into smiling emojis. Even someone like the sneaky Randall from Monsters Inc., who probably never cracked a smile on film, is happy as can be until your time is running out. [Read more] | Read more »
Cubway (Games)
Cubway 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Cubway is a journey with an abstract story of lifecycle of rebirth, called Samsara. Guide the cube through the long way full of dangers and difficulties, visit many interesting and mysterious places.********** Pocket Gamer "...very... | Read more »
Colorcube (Games)
Colorcube 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $1.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: Turn pieces and blend colours in this minimal yet visually stunning puzzler.Over 200 handcrafted and challenging levels.Features alternative colour schemes for all common colour deficiencies.A cooperation with award winning board... | Read more »
Doodle God Griddlers (Games)
Doodle God Griddlers 1.0 Device: iOS Universal Category: Games Price: $4.99, Version: 1.0 (iTunes) Description: | Read more »
All contents are Copyright 1984-2010 by Xplain Corporation. All rights reserved. Theme designed by Icreon.